British Monarchy Through the Ages: The Good, The Bad, and the Hemophiliac

By , Writer/Historian
While the world fixates on the upcoming nuptials between Prince William and Kate Middleton, there is also heightened interest in all things British. As a service to you, the sophisticated and intellectually curious reader, we have put together a crash course on Brit history, featuring key terminology and brief profiles of the most famous/infamous royal players. 

Early Names and Titles
Julius Caesar (54 BC) called the island people "Britons" because he mistakenly thought they came from the Belgic races, Britanni. When the Romans left (AD 410), the Germanic Angles, Saxons and Jutes raided and some settled in Britain. The name "England" comes from Engla Land: land of the Angles.

What to call the Brits - and why
1536 - The official Union of England and Wales but England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland still the only names to use. Then...

1707 - The official Union of England and Scotland and because Wales was already on board, we now had Great Britain (i.e. the union of all three and more accurately, Greater Britain)

1801 - The official union of Great Britain and Ireland. The whole became the United Kingdom.

1921 - Ireland became independent with the exception of six counties in the north of Ireland. So in 1921, the United Kingdom consisted of: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and sometimes known as Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Click through to the photo gallery below for profiles of The Good, The Bad, and the Hemophiliac.

View gallery: British Monarchy Through the Ages: The Good, Bad and the Hemophiliacs

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Christopher Lee is a noted British historian, author and correspondent. Lee may be best known for his origination and writing on the 3-part BBC radio series, "This Sceptered Isle" and is a former BBC Royal Correspondent. He is advising BBC Radio 4 on the constitutional and historic aspects of the wedding…

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