Early Names and Titles
Julius Caesar (54 BC) called the island people "Britons" because he mistakenly thought they came from the Belgic races, Britanni. When the Romans left (AD 410), the Germanic Angles, Saxons and Jutes raided and some settled in Britain. The name "England" comes from Engla Land: land of the Angles.
What to call the Brits - and why
1536 - The official Union of England and Wales but England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland still the only names to use. Then...
1707 - The official Union of England and Scotland and because Wales was already on board, we now had Great Britain (i.e. the union of all three and more accurately, Greater Britain)
1801 - The official union of Great Britain and Ireland. The whole became the United Kingdom.
1921 - Ireland became independent with the exception of six counties in the north of Ireland. So in 1921, the United Kingdom consisted of: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and sometimes known as Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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